jQuery Super Cool Vertical Scroll Menu

Create a vertical scroll menu that scroll automatically according to your mouse axis-Y movement.

 

 

1. Get mouse axis

 

The following code will return the X and Y Axis values for your mouse pointer.


$(document).mousemove(function(e) {
$('#mouse_axis').html("X Axis : " + e.pageX + " | Y Axis " + e.pageY);
});

2. Get objects offset

The following code will get the offset Top and Left for an object.


$(document).ready(function() {
$('#offset').html("Top : " + $('#sidebar').offset().top + " |Left "
+ $('#sidebar').offset().left);
});

3. Get the total of selected elements by the selector.

It will return the total of selected elements.

$('#menu li').length;

2 main DIVs #sidebar and #menu:

#sidebar : its overflow property is set to hidden. Overflow set to hidden will truncate/hide #menu’s extra length and display the #menu according to the width and height of the #sidebar.

#menu : its position property is set to relative. So that if top property set to 0, #menu will snap to the top of #sidebar. So, even with no javascript, you can test the menu with random negative numbers, for example -30px, -100px or -500px. You will able to see the menu is going up. So, jQuery’s job is to generate this negative values. To dynamicly generate these values, we will use the mouse-Y, because we want to scroll it up and down. It’s quite complicated to explain, but we will walk through it in javascript section.

1. HTML

As usual, we always keep the HTML code as simple as possible. It’s good to not mix javascript with html code to increase readibility and tidiness.

2. CSS

I have played with this CSS for quite a while to achieve the effect I want and tested it with IE as well. I was having this IE problem, where the position:relative and overflow:hidden just won’t work the way it should. Fortunately, I found the solution through this website – solution to position relative and overflow in IE. Bingo, it displays exactly the same now.

#sidebar has to set as overflow:hidden to make sure the extra length in the menu is hidden. And the rest is just basic styling for the menu.

body {
padding:0;
margin:0 20px;
}

#sidebar {
height:400px;
overflow:hidden;
position:relative;
background-color:#eee;
}

#menu {
width:100%;
list-style:none;
padding:0;
margin:0;
top:0;
position:relative;
height:100%;
width:300px;
}

#menu li {
padding:10px 0;
text-align:right;
display:block;
cursor:hand;
cursor:pointer;
}

#menu li a {
background:url() repeat #1f1f1f;
color:#ddd;
font-family:helvetica, arial, verdana;
font-size:9px;
font-weight:900;
display:inline;
padding:20px 8px 5px 20px;
text-decoration:none;
}

#menu li span {
font-family:georgia, arial;
font-size:9px;
color:#464646;
}

3. Javascript

In javascript section, I have separated all the configurable variables on the top of the script. It’ll be easier to convert it to a plugin.

The most important part of this script is the last section – generate the top value based on the mouse Y value to allow user to scroll through the entire menu, and won’t be affected by the offset of the sidebar as well. The mathematic equation I’m using, it’s not the perfect one, but it works. If you have better suggestions, please drop me a message. : )

$(document).ready(function() {

//Background color, mouseover and mouseout
var colorOver = '#31b8da';
var colorOut = '#1f1f1f';

//Padding, mouseover
var padLeft = '20px';
var padRight = '20px'

//Default Padding
var defpadLeft = $('#menu li a').css('paddingLeft');
var defpadRight = $('#menu li a').css('paddingRight');

//Animate the LI on mouse over, mouse out
$('#menu li').click(function () {
//Make LI clickable
[removed] = $(this).find('a').attr('href');

}).mouseover(function (){

//mouse over LI and look for A element for transition
$(this).find('a')
.animate( { paddingLeft: padLeft, paddingRight: padRight}, { queue:false, duration:100 } )
.animate( { backgroundColor: colorOver }, { queue:false, duration:200 });

}).mouseout(function () {

//mouse oout LI and look for A element and discard the mouse over transition
$(this).find('a')
.animate( { paddingLeft: defpadLeft, paddingRight: defpadRight}, { queue:false, duration:100 } )
.animate( { backgroundColor: colorOut }, { queue:false, duration:200 });
});

//Scroll the menu on mouse move above the #sidebar layer
$('#sidebar').mousemove(function(e) {

//Sidebar Offset, Top value
var s_top = parseInt($('#sidebar').offset().top); 

//Sidebar Offset, Bottom value
var s_bottom = parseInt($('#sidebar').height() + s_top);

//Roughly calculate the height of the menu by multiply height of a single LI with the total of LIs
var mheight = parseInt($('#menu li').height() * $('#menu li').length);

//I used this coordinate and offset values for debuggin
$('#debugging_mouse_axis').html("X Axis : " + e.pageX + " | Y Axis " + e.pageY);
$('#debugging_status').html(Math.round(((s_top - e.pageY)/100) * mheight / 2));

//Calculate the top value
//This equation is not the perfect, but it 's very close
var top_value = Math.round(( (s_top - e.pageY) /100) * mheight / 2)

//Animate the #menu by chaging the top value
$('#menu').animate({top: top_value}, { queue:false, duration:500});
});

});

Conclusion

Download: http://www.htmldrive.net/items/download/188

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